Ariwite: 1872 Mining Law, how it affects Tribes aboriginal homelands

To late the Warrior Over the past few weeks, I have been busy reading the newspapers, and came across a couple of articles that I have not seen any comments on in the tribal paper.
And the first one was titled "HIGH-TECH PROSPECTORS" and after reading this article (in the Idaho State Journal) I can only come to one conclusion the 1872 Mining Law and how it affects our Aboriginal Home Lands!

And where is it that they are talking about, smack dab on the Old Lemhi Reservation, on Agency Creek! Of all places, the place where our people still lives, visits and returns to even in death, for those of us who have run the Annual Agai'dika Memorial/Spiritual Run during our Gathering in June, this mine, if it’s started will end our ties to our homelands and our people (those who died making that walk on the trail of tears) and this year(104th) it will be held the third weekend of June, 2011, we hope more tribal members will attend and if you do, look up along the hill sides and you will see the test sites for "Thorium" those test sites are on each side of Agency Creek. Keep in mind that there is already a mining claim and all the company has to do is begin the process under the 1872 mining law. We are not the only ones this so called Thorium mine will impact, it will change the history of where Lewis and Clark first drank from the headwaters of the Great Columbia River (Agency Cr.)it will change the patterns of Deer, Elk, and the Salmon (Agai) for this is the summer and winter range, a place we still, and always hold sacred, a place we will protect as long as we return each and every day, week, month, year, decade and for a life time.

According to the article it simply makes it sound as if the rare earth minerals "Thorium" and "Cobalt" are vital, perhaps it is, they go on to say it’s used in jet engines, wind-turbines, batteries, motors, lasers, nuclear uses and high-tech devices. But what does it mean to us? I can tell you what it means. Once they begin the process of mining and that 1872 mining law, there is no stopping it, maybe it’s time we become more aggressive, maybe it’s time to throw up that tipi right smack in the middle of all this and declare a war against mining in our homelands. It seems that we just sit on our butts and wait, wait for what? Wait until the federal agencies (U.S. Forest and BLM) come to say well it’s about time for our government to government relations meetings, and when they get here, they will say "Oh by the way, that Thorium Mines is underway" and when that happens, we will be late and a dollar short we're always late, maybe it’s because we run on Indian Time? And they know that!

The only thing that is holding them back right now is "They don't have the money" that's right, they don't have the financial backing to start the mining process, and it took them this long to put their concerns in the paper, they are looking for investors so that they can start ripping up the land. And their co-owner Ed Cowle stated in the Idaho State Journal “the government, I’ve given up on,” and “the money will come from Wall Street. It’ll come from venture capital (investors) and in his final comment Cowle said “but the key is we have to get money.”

And for the Idaho-Cobalt Mine, well they’re on their way into step two of their mining project and will be looking to hire about 200 high paying positions at their Cobalt mine, but how many of those will be a Native American from our tribe?
At least they should allow hiring under the TERO regulations, simply because that mine is still within our homelands, so let’s see how tough our TERO people are, the owner met with the Tribes back a couple of years ago and at that time I asked that owner if he would be willing to provide a position that will be recognized as an Indian Liaison between his company and our Tribe, simply to watch out for the interest of our Treaty Rights of 1868.
He indicated he would be willing to work with the Tribe and create that position and help establish a community back in Salmon, Idaho. Since then we have not heard a word from him or his company, who from the Tribes are following up and looking out for our Aboriginal Rights of 1868, this is our homelands.
Time to wake up and nudge your neighbor and say "Hey there are going to rip up our hunting and fishing areas! Our berry and root harvesting areas and that place where grandma always goes.
Are we going to simply wait, until they come and visit us again? Or are we going to stand up and enforce our rights, and I say again, are we going to sit here and wait? Or are we going to stand up and SAY SOMETHING! I for myself, will stand up, stand up and say we have never left our homelands and ask our COUNCIL to SUPPORT OUR EFFORTS to PROTECT Homelands.

This is only a small step, one person cannot do this all by himself, I will need the support of the membership to accomplish this task, and I simply ask that each tribal member support this and say to our council members, support us, support our people in Protecting our Homelands. And the “White Man is still sneaking up on us Again" and this time they are using the 1872 Mining Law, we need to change that law, repeal it or change it.

With respect to all our people, “Leo T. Ariwite” – Tribal Member.

Sacajawea Shoshoni

Idaho seen as source of rare metals

Deworth Williams sorts samples of rare earth metals in the Lemhi Pass area near Salmon - Williams is a former Idaho State University student.

Deworth Williams sorts samples of rare earth metals in the Lemhi Pass area near Salmon - Williams is a former Idaho State University student. >>

Posted: Monday, October 25, 2010 12:16 am
By Sean Ellis

As tensions rise between China and the United States, Japan and other developed countries over critical rare earth metals, the eyes of industry and government leaders are increasingly looking at Idaho as a potential supply source for the elements, which are used in a broad array of high-tech consumer and military applications.
The New York Times reported Tuesday that China, which produces or controls 97 percent of the world’s supply of rare earth elements, was quietly blocking shipments of some of the metals to the United States.

Since then, “We’ve gotten a lot of interest in our company and we’re talking to a lot of people,” said Edward Cowle, chief executive officer of U.S. Rare Earths Inc. (USRE), the Salt Lake City company that owns the mineral rights to large deposits of rare earth metals in the Lemhi Pass and Diamond Creek areas near Salmon.
The company has been inundated with business and information requests since the Times reported last month that China was blocking some rare earth shipments to Japan, which is the world’s largest importer of rare earth metals from China.
Cowle said the company is close to reaching agreements on possible joint financial ventures that would pave the way for the mining, refining and manufacturing of rare earth materials in Idaho. That would mean a lot of jobs for Idaho, he added.
Local businessman Terry Andersen has been supporting USRE’s efforts in Idaho and told the Journal that if the company’s Gem State deposits are manufactured, it could directly impact Pocatello, though he said it was too early to elaborate on what that would mean.

Many industry and government leaders worry that China is using its monopoly to try to force green technology and other high-tech jobs to that country.
The U.S. Geological Survey has identified Idaho as having one of the few economically viable deposits of rare earth materials in the world outside of Chinese control, which is why several entities are looking at the Gem State as a possible source for the metals.
The recent developments involving China have alarmed government officials and Congress is openly discussing the possibility of using loan guarantees or other means to jump-start a domestic rare earths industry.
“They are critical metals and I think things will be fast-tracked because of that,” Cowle said. “That’s what I’m hearing.”

“This is moving at a far greater speed than we ever anticipated,” he added. “We are on the verge of getting a lot of exposure and good things are going to come to the company and the state of Idaho.”
USRE reached an agreement with The Boeing Company to use its sophisticated remote sensing technology to identify and confirm its rare earth deposits, a step that is necessary before any major financial agreements that lead to manufacturing could be inked.
Officials from both companies were in Idaho late last month confirming the deposits and Cowle will meet with Boeing officials in Washington, D.C., later this week to go over the results of a formal report on Boeing’s findings.
Rare earth metals are used in a host of high-tech applications, including green technologies such as hybrid electric cars and wind turbines, consumer products such as BlackBerrys, computers and cell phones, and military weapons such as radars and guided missiles.

Rare earth materials include 17 elements on the periodic table of elements.
A Japanese film crew captured the USRE-Boeing expedition last month and a documentary on the venture is expected to air on Japanese television in early November.
The show will be watched by millions of viewers, said Cowle, who expects that documentary will lead to an explosion of interest in USRE’s Idaho deposits.
In addition to the alleged blocking of rare earth exports to the U.S. and Japan, China announced in July it would trim export quotas during the second half of 2010 by 72 percent.

A Congressional Research Service report outlining the seriousness of a looming rare earth supply crisis identified USRE as one of two U.S. companies with long-term potential.
The report suggested public policies could be enacted or executive branch measures taken to promote a stable and reliable supply of rare earth elements “for U.S. national security, economic well-being, and industrial production.”

Rep. Ed Markey, D-Massachusetts, wrote a letter to President Obama last week urging the defense, energy and commerce secretaries as well as the U.S. Trade Representative to investigate the reported Chinese export cuts.

Sacajawea Shoshoni

At Lemhi Pass :: Thorium Deposits Country's Largest

The Lemhi Pass thorium and rare-earth deposits in Idaho and Montana are the largest known in the U.S. Entitled "Mineralogy of the Lemhi Pass Thorium" the report says 100,000 tons of thorium oxide are "reasonably assured"...

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Attention Rare Earth End-Users: There Is a New American Source

DETROIT ( -- It was announced yesterday, Tuesday, February 26, 2008, in Salt Lake City, Utah, at a special session of the Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration’s annual national meeting entitled “Industrial Minerals: Rare Earths-Mining, Geology, and Metals” that a historically known-since 1949-very significant major high-grade hard rock source of thorium, presenting as thorium oxide rich mineral veins in Idaho and Montana, at sites in the geographic region known as the Lemhi Pass, has been “re-explored,” validated and quantitatively confirmed by geologists.

The specifics of the announcement were made in a paper jointly presented by geologists Richard Reed, a consultant with Idaho Engineering & Geology, Inc, and Dr. Virginia Gillerman of The Idaho Geological Survey, a state agency located in Boise, Idaho, as part of the special session named above. The paper was entitled: “Thorium and Rare Earths in the Lemhi Pass Region.” It contained the statement: “The claim holdings [being resurveyed] include the Last Chance vein in Montana, reportedly the largest and richest known thorium and rare earth vein in the United States.”

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GeoScience World

Thorium mineralization in the Lemhi Pass area, Lemhi County, Idaho Alfred L. Anderson The thorium mineralization in the Lemhi Pass area of southeastern Lemhi County, Idaho, is directed along simple to complex shear and fracture zones, and reopened copper and gold-quartz veins and lodes, in impure quartzitic and phyllitic rocks of the Precambrian Belt series. Some of the shear and fracture zones are more than 40 feet across and comprise broad zones of irregularly mineralized rock reaching distances to 2,000 feet in length. These zones contain notable concentrations of thorium and rare-earth elements along with considerable amounts of barium, alkali metals, calcium, iron, phosphorus, sulfur, and silicon and meager amounts of columbium, uranium, and perhaps other related elements. Minerals identified so far include thorite, allanite, monazite, xenotime(?), euxenite(?), apatite, specularite, barite, alkali feldspar, calcite, biotite, phlogopite, sericite, chalcedony, and quartz. The most characteristic minerals are the thorite, specularite, barite, and quartz. The specularite and thorium-bearing minerals are intimately associated and were introduced into the deposits after the micas and in advance of the barite, feldspar, calcite, and quartz. Except for the specularite and quartz and in part the barite, feldspar, calcite, and thorite, the minerals are not distinguishable without the microscope.Some of the deposits contain several percent thoria and comparable amounts of rare-earth oxides, but the average is generally under 1 percent. The area has an appreciable reserve of lode thorium. Some of the deposits are in or are being brought into production.

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Sacajawea Shoshoni

Thorium Energy, Inc.



Prepared for:Thorium Energy, Inc.Williams Investment Company19 East 200 SouthSuite 1080Salt Lake City, Utah 84111


This report summarizes thorium and rare earth vein deposits of unpatented mining claims of Thorium Energy, Inc. located in the Lemhi Pass Thorium District of Idaho and Montana. The report supersedes previous similar reports by Idaho Engineering & Geology, Inc. (IEG). It also provides an estimate of proven, indicated, and inferred reserves of thorium and total rare earth elements in the Lemhi Pass of Idaho and Montana of Thorium Energy Inc. unpatented mining claims based upon reported reserves as resources by the United State Geological Survey (USGS) and IERCO a former subsidiary company of Idaho Power Company. Thorium and rare earth deposits in the Lemhi Pass of Idaho and Montana are the largest known in the United States. The United State Geological Survey (USGS), the United States Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), the United States Defense Minerals Exploration Administration (DMEA), the United States Bureau of Mines (USBM), the Idaho Bureau of Mines & Geology (IBM&G) – Idaho Geological Survey (IGS), Montana Bureau of Mines & Geology (MBM&G) have performed a number of investigations throughout the years in greatly contributing to the current understanding of the thorium deposits in the Lemhi Pass. In addition many private individuals, and a number of companies, including Nuclear Fuels and Rare Metals Corporation, Sawyer Petroleum and Union Pacific Railroad, Dow Chemical, Tenneco Oil Company, and Idaho Power Company to name a few have also actively explored and evaluated the mineral deposits in the Pass over the years and also have greatly contributed to their understanding.

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Sacajawea Shoshoni

Rare Earth Elements Could Spark Profits For Pocatello

POCATELLO, Idaho -- It's just another day in the life for Terry Andersen, going to offices, meeting people and trying to find funding for a working nuclear reactor that would create energy for southeastern Idaho. Terry's meeting with the college of technology at ISU isn't that much of a long shot. The nuclear reactor he wants to build would create electricity fueled by Thorium deposits found near Salmon. A company out of Utah, U.S. Rare Earths, Inc., wants to mine those elements. And they can be used for a lot. "The aircraft industry, the military, I think the list is endless," said ISU nuclear engineering professor Jay Kunze, Ph.D. They can also be used in computers, cell phones and batteries. Terry is hoping southeastern Idaho can capitalize on them. If the university could even produce a "small" reactor, "that would be enough to power ISU!" Terry said. Thorium reactors or not, the issue of whether mining rare earths will create jobs isn't even a question, according to the Department of Labor's regional economist Dan Cravens. "This could be huge for Idaho. We could see the location of companies in the hi-tech industries related to these elements locating here," Cravens said. Andersen says the rare earths in Salmon are potentially worth over two trillion dollars. Both Boehing and the Japanese government are interested in the deposit.

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