The 1872 Mining Law and how it affects our (Lemhi-Shoshone) Aboriginal Home Lands!
Thorium deposits worth trillions :: Located on the Original Lemhi Valley Indian Reservation >>
Old Toby Monument Dedication :: North Fork, Idaho
Eagle Rock :: Castle Rock Reserve :: Boise woman works to protect Castle Rock Reserve and burial ground site
Oldest Lemhi-Shoshone Tribes member dies at 101 :: Walter Nevada, the oldest member of the Lemhi-Shoshone Tribes, has died at age 101. Nevada, the last surviving Lemhi-Shoshone to be relocated from the Lemhi Valley Reservation by the U.S. Department of the Interior in 1907.
Historic Events in Lemhi-Shoshone History
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Tribes Receiving or Restoring Federal Recognition
MONTPELIER, Vt. — Years after the first Abenaki Indians sought to be publicly recognized in Vermont, the state on Friday granted recognition to two tribes: the Elnu Abenaki, based in Windham County and the Nulhegan Band of the Coosuk Abenaki Nation in northeastern Vermont.
Special Features & Articles focusing on Sacajawea's people from the Salmon, Idaho area
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Face of Gold - Randy'L Teton - The Modern Face of Sacajawea
Idaho Public Television - Echoes of a Bitter Crossing
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Welcome to the official site of Sacajawea's people the Lemhi-Shoshone, from the Tendoy / Salmon Idaho area. This site will will inform you about our latest efforts in restoring federal recognition and returning home to the Salmon River Valley drainage area.The Agaidikas (Salmon-Eater Shoshone) and Tukudikas (Sheep-Eater Shoshone) who make up the Lemhi-Shoshone Tribes are considered the first residents of the upper Lemhi Valley, dating back 12,000+ years. Archaeological research indicates that buffalo, elk, deer and salmon were hunted throughout the 12,000+ years of Indian occupancy of the Lemhi Valley near present day Salmon, Idaho. Some of our most famous ancestors are Sacagawea, Old Toby, Chief Camahweait and Chief Tendoy.
Next year it will be held the third weekend in June.
On February 12, 1875, President Grant established a 100 square mile executive order reservation for Sacagawea / Sacajawea's People the Lemhi-Shoshone in the Lemhi Valley. Known as the Lemhi Valley Indian Reservation, the executive order established the reserve for "the exclusive use of the mixed tribes of Shoshone, Bannock, and Sheapeater Indians. Almost from the outset, however, the government and local residents began efforts to rescind the executive order reservation. They ultimately succeeded in 1905, and in 1907 the Lemhi began what many have called the "Lemhi Trail of Tears," which saw their forced removal from their ancestral homelands to the Fort Hall Indian Reservation.
Lemhi Valley Indian Reservation Lands (100 square miles) sold for .7 cents an acre by the Fort Hall Business Council
"But perhaps the ultimate act of dispossession was the Indian Claims Commission settlement involving the Lemhi people. During the 1960s, the ICC and the federal government determined that the Lemhi Claim to aboriginal lands would have to be submitted as part of the larger Shoshone-Bannock Claim.
The Lemhi-Shoshone were prohibited from filing their own independent claim. When their claim, Docket #326-1, came before the ICC, the Lemhi claim to their land 200 miles north of Fort Hall totaled $4.5 million. Based on pressure from the federal government, the ICC, the Sho-Bans, and the Sho-Bans attorneys, the $4.5 million was assigned to the Shoshone Bannock general fund. Rather than dividing the 1971 Lemhi settlement among the approximately 500 Lemhis living at Fort Hall (refugeees since 1907), it was, essentially, divided among as many as 3000 people living at Fort Hall--the overwhelming majority of whom had no direct or indirect tie to Lemhi lands."
Ever since the first encounter with the white man, we have been lied to. Chief Camehwait was promised guns to fend off other tribes who had acquired guns from the east. In 1875, President Ulysses S. Grant established the 100 square mile "Fort Lemhi Valley Indian Reservation" for the Lemhi-Shoshone people.
In 1907 the Lemhi-Shoshone were removed by force to the Fort Hall Indian Reservation, 200 miles south and home to the much larger Snake River and Bannock Tribes.
Fort Hall Business Council of 1969 sells Lemhi-Shoshone's 100 square mile reservation land for .7 cents an acre
A number of the Lemhi minority sought to intervene to reverse the decision and gain control over the claim. Lemhis objected to the award settlement for a variety of reasons: some found the amount awarded insufficient; some viewed acceptance of the award as tantamount to relinquishing their homeland, which they held they had never done, and called for the lands to be returned instead; others resented the fact that the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes, rather than just the Lemhi Shoshone, controlled the claim.
The obligation the nation acknowledges toward wolf and salmon recovery efforts is dwarfed by the responsibility it faces in treating fairly the people who played such a crucial role in advancing the success of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
Banished from our homelands in 1907 and seeking to return ever since, the Lemhi-Shoshone people create a dilemma for the nation. As it commemorated the Bicentennial of the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery in 2007, the United States needs to reassess its commitment to the Lemhi-Shoshone, to Sacajawea's people.
Video 1907-2007 :: One hundred years since Sacajawea's People the Lemhi-Shoshone were force removed 200 miles south to the Fort Hall Indian Reservation.
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A sampling of Lemhi-Shoshone Words